1911 Census Record Occupation Codes

The 1911 Census offers a great little piece of information that many people overlook. Occupational codes can be used to help distinguish the occupations of our ancestors, especially if handwriting is illegible.

You can use the following table as a key.

Code Occupation(s)
000  Schoolmasters, Teachers, Professors, Lecturers – In Schools &c under Local Authorities
010  Other Domestic Indoor Servants 
020  Charwomen
030  Laundry Workers
040  Washers, Ironers, Manglers &c (not in Laundries)
050  Commercial or Business Clerks
060  Coachmen (not Domestic); Cabmen
061  Horsekeepers, Grooms, Stablemen (not Domestic)
070  Carmen, Carriers, Carters, Wagoners (not Farm)
080  Dock Labourers, Wharf Labourers
090  Messengers, Porters, Watchmen (not Railway or Government) 
100  Farmers, Graziers
110Farmers, Graziers – Sons, Daughters or other relatives assisting in the work of the farm
120  Agricultural Labourers, Farm Servants – Distinguished as in charge of Cattle
130  Agricultural Labourers, Farm Servants – Distinguished as in charge of Horses
140  Agricultural Labourers, Farm Servants – Not otherwise distinguished 
150  Coal and Shale Mine – Workers at the Face
160 Coal and Shale Mine – Other workers below ground 
170  Coal and Shale Mine – Workers above ground
172  Coal and Shale Mine – Other Mine Service 
180  Ironfounders Moulders, Core Makers
181  Ironfounders Foundry Labourers 
182Ironfounders Fettlers 
183 Ironfounders Cupola, Oven – Men 
184  Ironfounders others
190  Blacksmiths, Strikers
201 Erectors, Fitters, Turners – Labourers
210 Carpenters, Joiners
211 Carpenters, Joiners – Labourers
220 Bricklayers
230 Bricklayers Labourers
240 Painters, Decorators
250 Weaving Processes
260 Drapers, Linen Drapers, Mercers
270 Tailors
280 Dressmakers
290 Shirt Makers; Seamstresses
300 Boot, Shoe – Makers
310 Butchers, Meat Salesmen
320 Grocers; Tea, Coffee, Chocolate – Dealers
330 General Labourers
340 Engine – Drivers, Stokers, Firemen (not Railway, Marine, or Agricultural)
350 Retired from Business (not Army or Navy)
360 Pensioners
361 Old Age Pensioners (Occupation or former Occupation not stated)
370 Private Means
380 Students
390 Scholars
401 Post Office – Telegraphists, Telephone Operators
402 Other Post Office Officers and Clerks
403 Postmen
404 Post Office Messengers &c
405 Other Civil Service Officers and Clerks
406 Other Civil Service Messengers &c
407 Police
408 Poor Law Service
409 Municipal, Parish, and other Local or County Offices
411 Army Officers (Effective)
412 Army Officers (Retired)
413 Soldiers and Non-Commissioned Officers
414 Officers of the Navy(Effective)
415 Officers of the Navy(Retired)
416 Men of the Navy
417 Officers of the Marines (Effective)
418 Officers of the Marines (Retired)
419 Men of the Marines
421 Clergymen (Established Church)
422 Roman Catholic Priests
423 Ministers, Priests, of other Religious Bodies
424 City Missionaries, Scripture Readers, Itinerant Preachers
425 Monks, Nuns, Sisters of Charity
426 Church, Chapel, Cemetery – Officers &c
427 Barristers
428 Solicitors
429 Law Clerks
431 Physicians, Surgeons, Registered Practitioners
432 Dentists (including Assistants)
433 Veterinary Surgeons
434 Midwives
435 Sick Nurses, Invalid Attendants – in Institutions of Local Authorities
436 Sick Nurses, Invalid Attendants – in other Institutions
437 Sick Nurses, Invalid Attendants – other
438 Subordinate Medical Service
441 Schoolmasters, Teachers, Professors, Lecturers – In other Schools &c
442 Schoolmasters, Teachers, Professors, Lecturers – Private
443 Schoolmasters, Teachers, Professors, Lecturers – Undefined
444 Others connected with Education under Local Authorities
445 Others connected with Education, Schools &c
451 Authors, Editors, Journalists, Reporters
452 Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits
453 Others Connected with Literature &c – under Local Authorities
454 Others connected with Literature &c – other
456 Civil, Mining – Engineers
457 Land, House, Ship – Surveyors
458 Professional Engineers, Professional Surveyors – Assistants
461 Painters, Sculptors, Artists
462 Architects
463 Engravers
464 Photographers
465 Musicians, Music Masters, Singers
466 Actors
467 Art, Music, Theatre – Service &c
469 Performers, Showmen; Exhibition, Games – Service
471 Domestic, Indoor Servants – Hotel, Lodging House, Eating House
475 Day Girls, Day Servants (so returned)
476 Domestic – Coachmen, Grooms
477 Domestic – Motor Car Drivers, Motor Car Attendants
478 Domestic Gardeners
479 Gamekeepers
481 College, Club – Service
482 Hospital, Institution, Benevolent Society – Service under Local Authorities (not Poor Law)
483 Hospital, Institution, Benevolent Society – Service Other
484 Park, Lodge, Gate &c – Keepers (not Government)
485 Caretakers, Office Keepers (not Government)
486 Cooks (not Domestic)
487 Bath and Wash-house Service – Under Local Authorities
488 Bath and Wash-house Service – Other
489 Others engaged in Service
491 Merchants (commodity undefined)
492 Brokers, Agents, Factors
493 Salesmen, Buyers (not otherwise described)
494 Commercial Travellers
495 Accountants
496 Auctioneers, Appraisers, Valuers, House Agents
497 Officers of Commercial Guilds, Societies &c
501 Bankers; Bank – Officials, Clerks
502 Bill – Discounters, Brokers; Finance Agents
505 Life, House, Ship &c Insurance – Officials, Clerks &c
506 Insurance Agents
510 Railway – Officials, Clerks
511 Railway Ticket – Examiners, Collectors, Checkers
512 Railway Engine – Drivers, Stokers, Cleaners
513 Railway Guards
514 Signalmen
515 Pointsmen, Level Crossing Men
516 Platelayers, Gangers, Packers
517 Railway Labourers (not Railway Contractors Labourers)
518 Railway Porters
519 Other Railway Servants
521 Livery Stable Keepers; Coach, Cab – Proprietors
522 Motor Garage – Proprietors, Workers
523 Motor Car Drivers (not Domestic); Motor Cab Drivers
524 Motor Van &c Drivers
525 Motor Van &c Guards, Boys
526 Others Connected with Carrying or Cartage
527 Omnibus Service – Horse Drivers
528 Omnibus Service – Motor Drivers
529 Omnibus Service – Conductors
530 Omnibus Service – Others
531 Local Authority Tramway Service – Drivers
532 Local Authority Tramway Service – Conductors
533 Local Authority Tramway Service – Others
534 Other Tramway Service – Drivers
535 Other Tramway Service – Conductors
536 Other Tramway Service – Others
537 Others on Roads
541 Merchant Service; Seamen – Navigating Department
542 Merchant Service; Seamen – Engineering Department
543 Merchant Service; Seamen – Cooks, Stewards, & others (Subsidiary Services)
544 Pilots; Boatmen on Seas
545 Bargemen, Lightermen, Watermen
546 Navigation Service (on Shore) – Railway Company
547 Navigation Service (on Shore) – Other
551 Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse – Officials & Servants – Government
552 Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse – Officials & Servants – Local Authority
553 Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse – Officials & Servants – Railway Company
554 Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse – Officials & Servants – Other
556 Warehousemen
557 Coalheavers; Coal – Porters, Labourers
558 Telegraph, Telephone – Service (not Government)
561 Farm – Bailiffs, Foremen
562 Shepherds
563 Woodmen
564 Nurserymen, Seedsmen, Florists
565 Market Gardeners (including Labourers)
566 Other Gardeners (not Domestic)
567 Agricultural Machine – Proprietors, Attendants
568 Others engaged in or connected with Agriculture
571 Fishermen
581 Coke Burners
582 Patent Fuel Manufacture
583 Iron – Miners, Quarriers
584 Copper Miners
585 Tin Miners
586 Lead Miners
587 Miners in other Minerals
588 Mettalliferous Mine – Owners, General Managers, Captains
589 Mettalliferous Mine – Other Mine Service
590 Stone, Slate &c Mine or Quarry Owners, Agents, Managers
591 Stone – Miners, Quarriers
592 Stone – Cutters, Dressers
593 Slate – Miners, Quarriers
594 Slate Workers
595 Limeburners
596 Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk – Pit &c Workers
597 Other Workers in Products of Quarries
598 Coal, Coke – Merchants, Dealers
599 Dealers in Stone, Slate &c
601 Pig Iron manufacture (Blast Furnaces)
602 Puddling Furnaces; Iron and Steel Rolling Mills
603 Tube Manufacture
604 Steel – Manufacture, Smelting, Founding
610 Galvanized Sheet Manufacture
611 Tinplate Manufacture
612 Copper Manufacture
613 Lead Manufacture
614 Zinc Manufacture
615 Brass, Bronze – Manufacture
616 Manufacture of other or unspecified Metals
620 Patternmakers
621 Millwrights
622 Brassfounders
623 Brass Finishers
624 Coppersmiths
625 Metal Machinist
626 Labourers (undefined) in Engineering Works
627 Boiler Makers
628 Other or undefined Workers In Engine and Machine Making – In Textile Machinery Fittings &c
629 Other or undefined Workers In Engine and Machine Making – Others
633 Electrical Cable Manufacture
634 Electric Lamp Manufacture
635 Other Electrical Apparatus Makers; Electrical Fitters – Government
636 Other Electrical Apparatus Makers; Electrical Fitters – Other
637 Electricians (undefined)
644 Tool Makers
645 File Makers
646 Saw Makers
647 Cutlers; Scissors Makers
648 Needle, Pin – Makers
649 Steel Pen Makers
650 Roller Engravers, Block Cutters (for Text &c Printing)
651 Type – Cutters, Founders
652 Die, Seal, Coin, Medal – Makers
653 Gunsmiths, Gun Manufacturers – Government
654 Gunsmiths, Gun Manufacturers – Other
655 Sword, Bayonet – Makers, Cutlers
661 Nail Manufacture
662 Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple – Makers
663 Anchor, Chain – Manufacture
664 Stove, Grate, Range, Fire Iron – Makers
665 Bedstead Makers (Iron or Brass)
666 Wire – Drawers, Makers, Workers, Weavers
667 Lock, Key – Makers
668 Gas Fittings Makers
669 Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick – Makers
671 White Metal, Plated – Ware Manufacturers; Pewterers
672 Tinplate Goods Makers
673 Copper Workers
674 Leaden Goods Makers
675 Zinc Workers
676 Brass, Bronze – Workers
677 Other Iron Goods Makers
678 Iron Workers (undefined)
679 Other Metal Workers
680 Ship Painters
681 Ship – Platers, Rivetters &c
682 Ship – Other Workers in Iron
683 Shipwrights
684 Ship – Other Workers in Wood
685 Shipyard Labourers (undefined)
686 Others in Ship and Boat Building
691 Railway – Coach, Wagon Makers – Railway Company Workers
692 Railway – Coach, Wagon Makers – Others
693 Tram Car Makers
694 Cycle Makers
695 Motor Car Chassis Makers
696 Motor Car Body Makers
697 Coach, Carriage – Makers
698 Wheelwrights
699 Others in Construction of Vehicles
701 Iron Mongers; Hardware – Dealers, Merchants
702 Other Dealers in Metals, Machines &c
711 Goldsmiths, Silversmiths, Jewellers
712 Lapidaries and other Workers
713 Watchmakers, Clockmakers
714 Scientific Instrument Makers; Opticians
715 Photographic Apparatus Makers
716 Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Makers
717 Surgical & Dental Instrument & Apparatus Makers
721 Piano, Organ – Makers
722 Other Musical Instrument Makers
723 Fishing Tackle, Toy, Game Apparatus – Makers
726 Dealers in Precious Metals, Jewellery, & Watches
727 Dealers in Instruments, Toys &c
730 Architectural, Monumental – Carvers, Sculptors
731 Builders
732 Builders Labourers
733 Masons
734 Masons Labourers
735 Slaters, Tilers
736 Plasterers
737 Plasterers Labourers
738 Paperhangers, Whitewashers
739 Monumental Masons
740 Glaziers
741 Plumbers
742 Gasfitters
743 Locksmiths, Bellhangers
744 Railway, Canal, Harbour &c – Contractors
745 Navvies; Railway &c Contractors Labourers
746 Well, Mine – Sinkers, Borers
747 Road – Contractors, Surveyors, Inspectors
748 Paviours, Road Labourers – Under Local Authorities
749 Paviours, Road Labourers – Others
751 Cabinet Makers
752 French Polishers
753 Upholsterers
754 House and Shop Fittings Makers
755 Undertakers; Funeral Furniture Makers
756 Wood Carvers; Carvers and Gilders
757 Willow, Cane, Rush – Workers; Basket Makers
758 Dealers in Works of Art
759 Furniture &c Dealers
761 Sawyers; Wood Cutting Machinists
762 Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle – Makers
763 Wood Turners
764 Wooden Box, Packing Case – Makers
765 Coopers; Hoop – Makers, Benders
766 Cork, Bark – Cutters, Workers
767 Other Workers in Wood
768 Timber, Wood, Cork, Bark – Merchants, Dealers
771 Brick, Plain Tile, Terra-Cotta – Makers
772 Plaster, Cement – Manufacture
773 Earthenware, China, Porcelain – Manufacture
774 Sheet, Plate – Glass Manufacture
775 Glass Bottle Manufacture
776 Other Workers in Glass Manufacture
777 Brick, Cement – Dealers
778 Earthenware, China, Glass – Dealers
780 Dye, Paint, Ink, Blacking – Manufacture
781 Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance – Manufacture – Government
782 Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance – Manufacture – Other
783 Cartridge, Fireworks, Explosive Article – Manufacture – Government
784 Cartridge, Fireworks, Explosive Article – Manufacture – Other
785 Lucifer Match Manufacture
786 Salt Makers
787 Manufacturing Chemists
788 Alkali Manufacture
789 Chemists, Druggists
791 Oil – Millers, Refiners; Oil Cake Makers
792 Candle, Grease – Manufacture
793 Soap – Boilers, Makers
794 Manure Manufacture
795 India Rubber, Gutta Percha – Workers
796 Waterproof Goods Makers
797 Glue, Size, Varnish &c – Makers
798 Oil and Colourmen
799 Other Dealers of Order 15
801 Furriers, Skinners
802 Tanners
803 Curriers
804 Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c Makers
805 Saddlers; Harness, Whip – Makers
807 Brush, Broom – Makers; Hair, Bristle – Workers
808 Quill, Feather – Dressers
809 Dealers in Skins, Leather, Hair, and Feathers
810 Paper Manufacture – Rag &c – Cutting, Dusting, Sorting
811 Paper Manufacture – Other processes
812 Paper Stainers
813 Stationery Manufacture
814 Envelope Makers
815 Paper Bag Makers
816 Cardboard Box Makers
817 Other workers in Paper &c
818 Stationers, Law Stationers
819 Other Dealers in Paper
820 Printers – Hand Compositors
821 Printers – Machine Compositors
822 Printers – Printing Machine Minders
823 Printers – Stereotypers, Electrotypers
824 Printers – Others in Printing
825 Lithographers; Copper & Steel Plate Printers
826 Bookbinders
827 Book, Print – Publishers, Sellers
828 Newspaper Publishers
829 Newspaper Agents, News Room Keepers
830 Cotton – Card and Blowing Room Processes – Strippers and Grinders
831 Cotton – Card and Blowing Room Processes – Others
832 Cotton – Spinning Processes
833 Cotton – Winding, Warping &c Processes
834 Cotton – Workers in other Processes
835 Cotton – Workers undefined
836 Cotton – Fustian Cutting
841 Wool – Sorting Processes
842 Wool – Carding and Combing Processes
843 Wool and Worsted – Spinning Processes
844 Wool and Worsted – Weaving Processes
845 Wool and Worsted – Workers in other processes
846 Wool and Worsted – Workers undefined
851 Silk – Spinning Processes
852 Silk – Weaving Processes
853 Silk – Workers in other processes
854 Silk – Workers undefined
861 Flax, Linen – Manufacture
862 Hemp Manufacture
863 Jute Manufacture
864 Cocoa Fibre Manufacture
865 Rope, Twine, Cord – Makers
866 Mat Makers
867 Canvas, Sailcloth, Sacking, Net &c – Manufacture
870 Thread Manufacture
871 Hosiery Manufacture
872 Lace Manufacture
873 Elastic Web Manufacture
874 Carpet, Rug, Felt – Manufacture
875 Smallware Manufacture
876 Fancy Goods (Textile) &c Manufacture
877 Weavers of Sundry Fabrics and undefined
878 Others Workers in Sundry Fabrics and undefined
879 Factory Hand (Textile) Undefined
881 Textile Bleachers
882 Textile Printers
883 Textile Dyers
884 Textile – Calenderers, Finishers &c
886 Other Dealers in Textile Fabrics
890 Straw Plait Manufacture
891 Straw Hat, Straw Bonnet – Manufacture
892 Felt Hat Manufacture
893 Makers of Cloth Hats and Caps
894 Makers of other Hats and Caps
895 Milliners
896 Hat, Bonnet, Straw Plait &c – Dealers
897 Clothiers, Outfitters – Dealers
898 Stay, Corset – Makers
899 Button Makers
900 Glove Makers
901 Hosiers, Haberdashers
902 Slipper Makers
903 Patten, Clog – Makers
904 Boot, Shoe, Patten, Clog – Dealers
905 Artificial Flower Makers
906 Wig Makers; Hairdressers
907 Umbrella, Parasol, Stick – Makers
908 Other Workers in Dress
909 Other Dealers in Dress
915 Creamery Workers
916 Milksellers, Dairymen
917 Provision Curers
918 Cheesemongers, Buttermen, Provision Dealers
919 Slaughterers
921 Fish Curers
922 Fishmongers, Poulterers, Game Dealers
923 Millers; Cereal Food Manufacture
924 Corn, Flour, Seed – Merchants, Dealers
925 Bread, Biscuit, Cake &c – Makers
926 Bakers, Confectioners (Dealers)
927 Sugar Refiners
928 Jam, Preserve, Sweet – Makers
929 Chocolate, Cocoa – Makers
931 Greengrocers, Fruiterers
932 Ginger Beer, Mineral Water – Manufacture
933 Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle &c – Makers
934 Other Dealers in Food
935 Tobacco Manufacture
936 Tobacconists
937 Maltsters
938 Brewers
939 Distillers; Spirit Manufacture
941 Coffee House, Eating House – Keepers
942 Lodging House, Boarding House – Keepers
943 Inn, Hotel – Keepers; Publicans, Beersellers, Cider Dealers
944 Beer Bottlers
945 Cellarmen
946 Barmen
947 Waiters (not Domestic)
948 Others in Inn, Hotel, Eating House – Service
949 Wine and Spirit – Merchants, Agents
950 Local Authority Gas Works Service – Gas Makers
951 Local Authority Gas Works Service – Others
952 Other Gas Works Service – Gas Makers
953 Other Gas Works Service – Others
954 Local Authority Waterworks Service
955 Other Waterworks Service
956 Local Authority Electricity Supply – Generation and Distribution
957 Local Authority Electricity Supply – Others
958 Other Electricity Supply – Generation and Distribution
959 Other Electricity Supply – Others
961 Local Authority Drainage and Sanitary Service
962 Other Drainage and Sanitary Service
963 Local Authority Scavenging and Disposal of Refuse
964 Other Scavenging and Disposal of Refuse
970 Circular, Envelope – Addressers &c
971 Advertising, Bill Posting – Agents
972 Bill Posters
973 Sandwichmen, Bill Distributors
974 Cattle, Sheep, Pig – Dealers, Salesmen
975 Drovers, Lairmen
976 Dog, Bird, Animal – Keepers, Dealers
977 Knackers; Catsmeat Dealers
980 Celluloid – Makers, Workers
981 Tobacco Pipe, Snuff-box &c – Makers
982 Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoiseshell – Workers
983 Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth – Manufacture
984 Japanners
985 Chimney Sweeps
986 Rag – Gatherers, Dealers
987 Other Workers in Sundry Industries
988 Other Dealers in Sundry Industries
989 Receiving Shop, Receiving Office – Keeper, Assistant (Laundry: Dyers and Cleaners)
990 Multiple Shop, Multiple Store – Proprietor, Worker (general or undefined)
991 General or Unclassified Shopkeepers, General Dealers
992 Pawnbrokers
993 Costermongers, Hawkers, Street Sellers
994 Contractors, Manufacturers, Managers, Superintendants (undefined)
995 News – Boy, Vendor (street or undefined)
996 Artizans, Mechanics, Apprentices (undefined)
997 Factory – Hands, Labourers (undefined)
998 Machinists, Machine Workers (undefined)
XOther